Adini Arifah obtained her MSc in Biotechnology at Wageningen University in 2019 where she developed CRISPR-Cas9 tools for a root Flavobacterium. She further developed CRISPR-Cas12a tools for structurally colored bacteria during her internship in Hoekmine BV. She continued working as a research assistant in Wageningen University to develop a control system based on self-splicing intron riboswitch for CRISPR-Cas tools. In 2021, Adini joined the Beisel lab as a PhD student through HIRI Graduate Program “RNA & Infection”. She is currently elucidating mechanisms underlying CRISPR-Cas9 cytotoxicity in bacteria and translating insights into new CRISPR technologies.